The Compromise of 1850
The American Civil War devastated much of the country between 1861 and 1865, but the conflict could have actually happened much sooner. In 1850, a major dispute between slave states and free states arose regarding the status of lands acquired after the Mexican-American War (1846-48). Many Southern states wanted to expand slavery into these new territories, which was opposed by the Northerners. These disputes, and others relating to the territorial expansion of the state of Texas. In early 1850, senator Henry Clay drafted a compromise that included the admission of California as a free state, the cession by Texas of some of its northern and western territorial claims in return for debt relief, the establishment of New Mexico and Utah territories, a ban on the importation of slaves into the District of Columbia for sale, and a more stringent fugitive slave law.
North and South,although each side received benefits but the north seemed to gain the most.California was admitted as free state to North as well as slave trade was prohibited in Washington D.C and Texas lost boundary dispute with new Mexico. No slavery restrictions in utah or new mexico in South was decided as well as Texas got 10$ Million.
Compiled by: Shahwar